Tourism includes the act of spending the leisure time at a location away from the regular places, in the purpose of recreation as well as relaxation. It not only allows to enjoy the time but also refresh one from the boring & hectic daily schedule.
Tourism is a modern social arrangement venture which began in the west of Europe in the 17th century. Although Tourism has a much elder history. Exploration and tourism are two different things altogether. As in exploration, there is one same route and path that we follow and might face difficulty and embarrassment.
Tourism is of various types and depends upon the reason for our travel. Business tourism means going on a business trip with colleagues for a business meeting This is a formal tour. Pilgrimages also come under tourism as we go to visit a shrine, temple or mosque to fulfill our religious purpose and gain eternity and peace.
Medical tourism means when we go out to some other state or country to get a health check-up done so as to maintain our health. Sports tourism means when people go out to different states or countries to play a particular sport and make the state or country proud.
How it all began
Tourism history is of utmost importance. The history of tourism begins long before the term tourist was coined. In the Western tradition, heritage tourism is very common which means sightseeing of infrastructure of historical importance.
The Greeks and Romans preferred to visit the Seven Wonders of the world. Pilgrimage highlights eastern civilizations which is an amalgamation of curiosity, enjoyment, and hospitality. Buddhist sites pilgrimage began more than 2000 years ago.
The pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca is also an age-old practice. In the olden times, people used to spend months on a ship to visit Mecca and perform hajj since time immemorial.
In the early 19th century, Europeans traveled almost all the parts of the world in order to fulfill their desire to traverse across the globe, to see the unseen, to traverse the untrodden. Apart from that travels were also destined in search of medicinal & health-related purpose, exchange of culture & so on.
Aspects of Tourism
Tourism was solely purposed for leisure but with the passage of time it has been commercialized & the bigger players set their foot into it. And all this is because of the volume of the people traveling across the globe as well as the higher profit margins and an evergreen income.
Tourism plays a very important role in the economy of a country. The money earned through tourism helps to increase the foreign exchange reserve of the country and it thereby increases the gross domestic product of the country.
Standing in the 21st century, the tourism industry across the globe is considered as one of the most lucrative and profitable economic niches. And its impact is spread across the globe from the Arctic to Antarctica.